Tuesday, November 29, 2011

Social Evolution (In a Broader Perspective)

Venki in his article, Social Evolution, has established a good relationship between the social and biological evolution. The route that he has taken to make these observations is similar to that of Herbert Spencer’s “Utilitarian Approach” and “Individualistic Approach” in the sense that the crux of his article lies in the thought that individuals come together for the ease of their survival.
One should know that there are enough evidences to prove that the social behaviour of man is innate and not just based on the utility aspect of such interactions. To prove this on an individual level one has to observe the relationship of a child with its mother. A child's brain is too immature to understand the benefits or limitations of this relationship but he/she still indulges into this primary relationship of a mother and child. This observation of mine even if paralleled to animals stands firm as this relationship exists in most of the mammals.
The primary difference which is overlooked in the article of social evolution is that it is related to society and not individual. A society grows diverse in its means of livelihood and becomes increasingly interdependent as a result of the burden of the surplus population on the limited means of livelihood also not to forget it leads to specialization among individual groups, focused on a particular sector. This can be given a utilitarian cover but only on a primary level of thought.
If the evolution of society is to be viewed from the stand point of an individual it will take the cover of a utilitarian approach. To overthrow this very stream of thought only did Auguste Comte insist on viewing the society to be based on the primary level of family and not individual. The society and its evolution if viewed from the perspective of an individual do not give us the basic characteristics features of it instead, miss leads us to a very narrow perspective about it and if viewed from the perspective of family alone does it give us the basic characteristics of it like curbing our natural instinct in a manner which is socially accepted.
Social Evolution as I have mentioned earlier is made along with the progress of its size. As a Sociologist it is essential to be aware of the surroundings but the manner or method of observation is of higher importance.
 The Social Evolution

  Evolution in both biological and social sense did not start with Charles Darwin and Auguste Comte.It came into the minds of humans as soon as man started to think of his origin.Darwin was the first one to write about it in the biological sense.But we have to remember that the father of sociology,Auguste Comte himself looked at the society as a result of evolution. Herbert Spencer who lived in the time of Darwin in 1852 coined the term "survival of the fittest " seven years before the release of The Origin Of Species. 
 Is social evolution some thing different from biological evolution? I think this topic has to be given importance in the modern time.This study will surely bring sociology out of the "abstract" tag.
  The first question here is "Is the social behavior only related to man?".This can be answered by observation of other species.If you have watched Animal planet or Discovery you would not doubt what I say.The process of living in society did not evolve after the human evolution .It was practiced for millions of years by various species of animals.This was because it was the most important process of survival for many organisms.
  Then was man the first one to live in a social group? It is clearly evident from our surroundings that even ant lives in a social group.So it is evident that living in socially interacting groups was a primarily necessary for the survival of the animal.The process of group hunting in many species is a great example that it was necessary for its survival.
  The question "Is social evolution related to biological evolution?" is weird to me.It is clearly evident from our surrounding that we are products of evolution.The difference lies in that social evolution does not take place over a long period of time when compared with biological evolution.The process of social evolution should not be considered something far apart from biological evolution.
  The relation is clear because the relation within herds of other species of animals are patterned.The proofs as I said are around us.So I think its time to study sociology with biology(the closest relative for sociology in Comte's hierarchy of sciences).

Monday, November 28, 2011


US atones an economic crisis.Arabs suffer a democratic crisis. India, a crisis of corruption.But in one region, namely, “the Horn of Africa” suffers a hunger crisis. Thousands and thousands of people are laying down their life without a hand of food. This is a discredit on everyone of us.
The tyranny of insurgents:
The main reason for this famine, the UN says, is the impedance shown to the help agents by the
al-Shabab groups.They call themselves the rulers, who have the prime responsibility to save their subjects.
Similar affair is going on in Pakistan, where the ruling Gilani’s Government is suspicious of UNs WFP(World Food Programme) which extends its assistance to rehabilitate the flood-hit people. The Government is cynical about their action that they may be US’s Intelligence Agencies.
Superpowers-a wrong perception:
China is assiduous on expanding its domain. US squanders a lot of money in making their walls stronger. These superpowers should instead, melt their hearts to feed a million, to become a real superpower.
The UNs role:
The UN, on the other hand plays an subordinate role in these contexts.If it can use its power to dethrone a dictator(as in Libya-it allowed NATO to attack), it can use the same to save the lives of people. It has the capability to push aside some trivial insurgents and help the people.Otherwise it would lose its cause i.e., maintaining peace in the world. Better the name “UN” can be changed to “US” as the United Nations responds only according to the direction of that ogre.
Insurgent’s role:
The rebels and even the Government (Pakistan) should leave their fundamentalism and suspiciousness and should give more importance to people. If people are dying ,the very cause of forming a government would be died.
Our role:
We should create a mass awareness among the people and should insist the Government to donate a meager to WFP.Every nation should set aside their internal chaos for a small time and should do a little to save the humanity.
As a sociologist, I strongly condemn the act of killing people in this rude way.To find a solution to these problems, we formed an NGO called “LIGHT”. Please join us to sustain peace.

Friday, November 25, 2011

மூடர்களாய் வாழ்கிறோமே??

"மிழனென்று சொல்லடா தலை நிமிரிந்து நில்லடா" என்று சொன்னான் புரட்சிக் கவி. ஆனால், ஒரு காரணத்திற்காக நான் தமிழன் என்று சொல்ல வெட்கப்படுகிறேன். நாம் அனைவரும் வெட்கப்பட வேண்டும். நம் மொழியையும் வரலாற்றையும் மறந்தமைக்காக. சமீபத்தில் வெளிவந்த 'ஏழாம் அறிவு' திரைப்படம் நம் சிந்தனையை மற்றொரு பரிமாணத்திற்கு எடுத்துச்செல்கிறது.

இயக்குனர் திரு. முருகதாஸ் சில பல ஆழ்ந்த கருத்துக்களை முன்வைக்க முயல்கிறார். அவர் போதிதர்மன் என்னும் ஒரு தமிழனின் வரலாற்றையும் அவரின் கலைத்திறமைகளையும் சரியாகக் காட்டியுள்ளாரா என்பது சந்தேகமே. எனினும், போதிதர்மன் என்பவரைப்பற்றிய புரிதல் மக்களிடம் வந்துள்ளது. அவரைப்பற்றி சிறிதும் அறியாதவர்கள் தற்போது அவரின் பெருமைகளைப்பற்றி அறியமுயல்கிறார்கள். அவரைப்போல் இன்னும் எத்தனையோ தமிழர்களை நாமும் நம் சமுதாயமும் மறந்திருக்கிறோம். உதாரணத்திற்கு நம் சமூகவியல் (Sociology) பாடங்களை எடுத்துக்கொள்ளுங்கள். நம் பண்டைத்தமிழ் இலக்கியவாதிகளான அகத்தியர், தொல்காப்பியர், வள்ளுவர் போன்றோர் கூறாத  சமூகவியல் சிந்தனைகளையா ஐரோப்பிய மற்றும் அமெரிக்க சிந்தனையாளர்கள் கூறிவிட்டனர்???

பல்லாயிரம் வருடங்களாக பிள்ளையார் முன் தோப்புக்கரணம் போட்டுக்கொண்டிருக்கிறோம் ஏன் எதற்கு என்று தெரியாமலே!! அதை "Super Brain Yoga" என்று Yale University School of Medicine உரிமை கோரியுள்ளது. அவர்களின் பலவருட ஆய்வின்படி தோப்புக்கரணம் மூளையின் ஆற்றலை அதிகரிக்கிறதாம். நம்  கோவில்களில் உள்ள நவகிரகங்களில் பெரியவர் வியாழன் (Jupiter) அல்லது குரு என்கிறோம். அதையேதான் அறிவியல் உலகம் நம் சூரிய குடும்பத்தில் பெரிய கிரகம் (Planet) ஜுபிட்டர் என்கிறது. சில ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்புதான் இத்தனை காலமாக நம்பப்பட்டு வந்த ன்பதாவது கிரகமான புளுட்டோ (Pluto) ஒரு குறுங்கோளாக (dwarf planet) வரையறுக்கப்பட்டது. மஞ்சள் காமாலை நோய்க்கு ஆங்கில மருத்துவத்தில் liv-54, 60 என்ற மருந்தைத் தவிர இன்று வரை வேறு இல்லை. அம்மருந்தானது நம் மண்ணின் மூலிகையான கீழாநெல்லியில் இருந்து செய்யப்படுகிறது. நம் தமிழ் மருத்துவத்தில் பல நூறு  வருடங்களாக  கீழாநெல்லியை உணவாக பயன்படுத்திவருகிறோம். அம்மை நோயுற்றவர்களுக்கு வேப்பிலை அடிப்பது மாரிம்மன்னுக்காகவா?? குழந்தைகளுக்கு கடவுளின் பெயரில் மொட்டையடித்தல், நெற்றியில் விபூதி பூசிக்கொள்ளுதல், வீட்டு வாசலில் கோலமிடுதல்.... இதிலெல்லாம் நம் கற்பனைக்கு எட்டாத பல அறிவியல் உண்மைகள் ஒளிந்திருக்கின்றன.

 உலகின் மிகத்தொன்மையான வாழும் மொழிகள் என்று மொழியியல் ஆய்வாளர்கள் கூறுவது தமிழும், சீன மொழியும்தான். அனால், சீன மொழி என்று ஒரு மொழி ண்மையில் இல்லை. அது மாண்டரின் (Mandrin) என்கிற பெரும்பாலான மக்கள் பேசக்கூடிய மொழியோடு ஏத்தாழ  ஐந்து ஆறு சிறு சிறு வட்டார மொழிகளையும் குறிக்கின்றது. எனவே, உலகின் மிகத்தொன்மையான வாழும் மொழி என்றால் அது தமிழாகத்தான் இருக்கமுடியும். அனால், இக்கருத்தை நம்முள் பலரே ஒத்துக்கொள்ள மாட்டார்கள்! கண்டுகொள்ள மாட்டார்கள்!

இன்னும் எத்தனை நாட்களுக்கு நாம் இப்படி மூடர்களாய் வாழப்போகிறோம்?? நம்மைப்பற்றி முழுமையாய் தெரிந்துகொள்ளாமல், நம்மை நாமே தாழ்த்திக்கொண்டு??? நம் தலைமுறையிர் முதலில் நமது மொழியையும் நமது போற்றத்தக்க கலாச்சாரத்தையும் வரலாற்றையும் கற்க வேண்டும். அவற்றை அறிவியல் நோக்கில் கற்க வேண்டும். எந்த ஒரு நாடும் மக்களும் அவர்களின் மொழியையும் கலாச்சாரத்தையும் வரலாற்றையும் விட்டொழித்து முன்னேற முடியாது. அதை நாம் சீனர்களின் வெற்றிச்சரித்தித்தில் காணலாம். இத்தருணத்தில் அவர்களிடமிருந்து நாம் கற்றுக்கொள்ளவேண்டியது ஏராளம்!

Tuesday, November 22, 2011

Its Worth a try!

This is not an article am going to bore you up with unnecessary information and extraordinary instructions, this is just an introduction to what you can expect from me "krodhguru" in this blog, I generally never trust in advicing people,for it is of no use and people are never going to listen to anything unless they have a searching eye to know something!, So am not gonna waste my time on that,
am here for the sake of dhyanesh my classmate, the official creator of this blog and I can share informations that are not of high details and references but are of daily use, informations that can help people ingeneral discussions, debates and much more useless workaholic activities! ;) lol
My informations would be :
1.) Unofficial and indierect political issues which will have no formalities of respect will be seen as no direct reference of any leader,party or personality will be taken.
2.) Our department (sociology of loyola college) happenings and info's that generally students want to know and are not aware of where to claim such knowledge from.
3.) Review on major papers of the 10-so-batch and its lecturers
4.) Ideas and informations that civil serviece aspirers must get during their college time.

So thats it, this is what I will contribute and since I dont have time for silly stuff,dont expect one from me too. In case you have any queries please do post,will keep in touch with you guys, take care, BYE! ;)

Friday, November 04, 2011

India @ 7 Billion

     Feeling Claustrophobic isn't it???? Crowded MRTS trains and city buses, people milling about with no space even for an errant elbow in T.Nagar, long-queues everywhere even for buying groceries, clearing-up of the only wet-land habitat in Chennai near Pallikaranai for housing (with ever-booming Real Estate businesses) and for waste-disposal, etc. all reminds us one thing. The strain that the superfulous population is placing on a fragile planet! With the world population clock ticking seven billion, how is India going to experience this scenario of opportunities and challenges???

SEVEN BILLION: Mark of celebration or a catastrophe??
     The arival of baby Nargis, the world's most symbolic seven billionth person, on monday near Lucknow was greeted with much merriment, fanfare and publicity. Whether we deserve deserve to pat ourselves on the back on reaching this milestone is a matter of debate. With 1.21 billion people and a decadal growth rate of 17.64 percent (2011 census), India adds more people that anyother nation in the world and the individual population of some of its states is equal to the population of many countries! We dream for "Super Power India 2020", but nothing can prevent the 2025 reality of India overtaking China to become the world's most populous country. So, it is unsubtle that our generation would face a world of 'contradictions' - plenty of food, but still a billion people going to bed hungry every night; many people enjoying luxuries, but still many are impoverished.

     India can take advantage of the demographic divident of a "youth bulge" - 50 percent of our population is under the age of 25 - meaning, more labour force (with increasing women working class), a precious human resource that other nations are deprived of. But the UNPF (United Nations Population Fund) has warned that this opportunity clock is ticking fast. The youth bulge witnessed a peak in 2000, and its effects will be felt only until 2025, when the number of dependents, aided by decreasing mortality rates, is bound to increase. So, we need to keep our young population employed, but also need plan for a ageing population just like China in the present decades. But the proliferation of old-age homes and deteriorating responsibilty of younger generations towards the senior citizens worries me indeed, considering the above prediction.

     I am extremely happy that the seven billionth person, baby Nargis, is a girl and  born in Uttar Pradesh, where the arrival of baby girls is not often celebrated. The state's capital Lucknow, has one of its worst sex ratios - just 899 girls to 1,000 boys, a sign of endemic discrimination and widespread practice of female foeticide. The 2011 census reveals India's wickedest child sex ratio - just 914 girls for every 1,000 boys as compared to 927 in 2001. India's maternal mortality ratio is pegged at 212 per 1,00,000 live births, which is still high in spite of continued efforts in the recent five-year plans. Fifty new-borns among every 1,000 also die. Though we improved notably, the overall picture of Indian demographics is grim.

     We also have two contrasting demographics within ourselves. Some states like Tamil Nadu, Andra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala have already achieved favourable sex ratios and the replacement level fertility of 2.1 children per women required to initiate the process of population stabilisation, while others like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajastan, etc. have a long way to go.

     So, the exploding population poses several threats and challenges to India than the opportunities offered. The "vanishing" girl population and the shaming numbers underscore the fact that the laws have done nothing to curb female foeticide or change the cultural preference for a boy child. The high birth rates in the states with poor HDI (Human Development Index) and lack of support systems for the aged posses major challenges. The planners must focus on some key areas - equitable access to safe water, food, healthcare, shelter, sanitation, education and employment. At the same time, balancing these against scarse resources, safeguarding the environment and protecting against the climate change, is imperative. There is a need for a paradigm shift in policies, looking for a more holistic and sustainable progress.